Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder that develops from childhood. it occurs as a result of damage occurred to the brain that impairs muscle coordination and body movement.
Though not progressive, the damage cant be reversed. Although congenital in most cases, it is not detected until a child is a few months or a year old. Early symptoms surface before a child turns three. However, it can develop after birth as a result of head injury due to birth asphyxia, or brain infections like bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis.
cerebral palsy cant be completely cured. however there are a number of treatments that may help a child overcome the disabilities associated with this disorder. comprehensive rehabilitation such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy often prove useful for children affected by this condition.
Drugs may be prescribed to control seizures, muscle spasms and pain that are associated with the condition. at times surgery may be performed to remove physical abnormalities or relax tight muscles.
cerebral palsy seriously impairs a child’s ability to move. the freedom and fun that every child is entitled to can be restored with the help of physical therapy.
we at gaman physio care, based on the diagnosis will assess the physical and cognitive limitations of the child and design a treatment schedule depending upon the age, abilities and limitations.
the therapy involves stretching, strengthening, repositioning of the muscles to improve flexibility, strengthen specific muscles, and reduce unwanted tone. to attain functional mobility assistive devices such as walking aids, braces are used. in the treatment, physical therapist may use various techniques to relieve primitive reflexes, those may tend to retain due to cerebral palsy.
the role of parents and family plays an important role in the treatment of cerebral palsy. the presence of the parents provides a positive reinforcement to the child, that helps respond better to physical therapy. Also parents can learn, some of the simple exercises and play with the children again for the most effective treatment.
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